Employment for young people with SEND
Finding employment and entering the world of work is something many of us wish to do.
Once you are 16 years old, there are many opportunities available to support you with your future. Some jobs require certain qualifications such as English and maths before you can start, whilst some allow you to learn on the job.
Your job options
It may be that you not ready to start a full time job, and you want to gain skills to help you progress. Here are some alternative choices and support available:
An apprenticeship is a paid job while you earn and learn, building useful experience. During your time, you will spend about four days as an apprentice and one day at a college, training centre or at your place of work. You will learn what you need to do 'off the job'. You can do an apprenticeship in many different sectors, for example customer service, engineering or mechanics.
Apprentices have to pass various qualifications or assessments, for example English and maths qualifications, to successfully complete their apprenticeship.
To be an apprentice you need to be at least 16 years old. Although you're never too old to start an apprenticeship and gain more qualifications and new skills, most who become an apprentice are aged between 16 to 24 years old. Qualifications range from Level 2 to Level 7, and will take at least one year to complete. If you are doing a higher-level apprenticeship these will take longer.
Internships or traineeships
An internship is a time of unpaid work experience, which can often lead to an apprenticeship and is known as a 'stepping stone'.
Internships are expected to need a longer programme of study than a traineeship, where the maximum programme length is 6 months. Once the 6 months have passed, you are ready to progress to an apprenticeship or employment.
For more information you can visit the government website.
Supported employment gives you the opportunity to get support from a work coach. They work with you and your employer to help to get you into an apprenticeship, internship or work related learning.
Supported internships often last for 1 year and include a 6 month unpaid work placement. They are for young people aged 16 to 24 with an education, health and care (EHC) plan. At the end of the internships you will have learnt skills in a workplace to have a long-term paid employment.
Work experience is a temporary role, which allows you to gain experience in a specific career you are interested in. Most work experience is unpaid though there are some types of opportunities where you can earn money.
Work related learning
Work related learning gives you the opportunity to start to work, and learn at the same time. You may get a qualification in a career such as customer service or gym instructors.
You can volunteer to give up your time for your local community. Volunteering can help you improve your skills, advance your career and make new friends.
Find the right job for you
If you are unsure what qualifications you need for a job, you can ask for advice from:
- the National Careers Service who provide information, advice and guidance to help you make decisions on learning, training and work.
- Start Profile who are a free, online careers platform, designed to connect 11 to 18 year olds with their future career potential
- your careers advisor at your school or college. If you do not have a careers advisor, you can contact the careers helpline for teenagers.
You may also want to visit one of the following websites to help you:
- British Association for Supported Employment (Base UK)
- BBC careers
- Access to Work scheme (support from the government to help you start work) or read their easy read guide
- Ambitious about Autism (employment toolkits)
If you are a parent of a young person who is looking for future employment the following websites can help you to support them: