What education, health and care plans are for
Most children with special educational needs (SEN) don’t need an education, health and care (EHC) plan. Only 3% of children will need an EHC plan.
An education, health and care (EHC) plan makes it possible for children with special educational needs to access some kinds of support.
Each EHC plan is made individually for each child, and provides access to different kinds of support.
Most special educational needs can be met by mainstream nurseries, schools and colleges.
An EHC plan is only needed if it’s clear that a child’s needs can’t be met through mainstream resources.
Who can ask for an EHC needs assessment
Parents, carers, schools and young people themselves (if over 16) can all ask for an EHC needs assessment.
If you think you need an EHC needs assessment
You should speak to your child’s school first and make sure that appropriate support is in place.
Your school is best placed to request an EHC needs assessment as they are required to provide evidence to support the request.
Alternatively, parents/carers can request an EHC needs assessment. We will decide if an EHC needs assessment is appropriate within 6 weeks. If it is decided that an EHC needs assessment is appropriate, we will:
- collect evidence and views from you and staff at your child’s school
- speak to appropriate professionals (such as educational psychologists, specialist teachers, social workers, your doctor) regarding your child
- then decide if making an EHC plan is appropriate based on the information received.
The whole process can take up to 20 weeks.
Find how you can ask us for an EHC needs assessment online. You can also request an EHC needs assessment by phone, post and email.